Single-shot self-supervised object detection in microscopy published in Nature Communications

LodeSTAR tracks the plankton Noctiluca scintillans. (Image by the Authors of the manuscript.)
Single-shot self-supervised particle tracking
Benjamin Midtvedt, Jesús Pineda, Fredrik Skärberg, Erik Olsén, Harshith Bachimanchi, Emelie Wesén, Elin K. Esbjörner, Erik Selander, Fredrik Höök, Daniel Midtvedt, Giovanni Volpe
Nature Communications 13, 7492 (2022)
arXiv: 2202.13546
doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-35004-y

Object detection is a fundamental task in digital microscopy, where machine learning has made great strides in overcoming the limitations of classical approaches. The training of state-of-the-art machine-learning methods almost universally relies on vast amounts of labeled experimental data or the ability to numerically simulate realistic datasets. However, experimental data are often challenging to label and cannot be easily reproduced numerically. Here, we propose a deep-learning method, named LodeSTAR (Localization and detection from Symmetries, Translations And Rotations), that learns to detect microscopic objects with sub-pixel accuracy from a single unlabeled experimental image by exploiting the inherent roto-translational symmetries of this task. We demonstrate that LodeSTAR outperforms traditional methods in terms of accuracy, also when analyzing challenging experimental data containing densely packed cells or noisy backgrounds. Furthermore, by exploiting additional symmetries we show that LodeSTAR can measure other properties, e.g., vertical position and polarizability in holographic microscopy.

Poster Presentation by F. Skärberg at SPIE-ETAI, San Diego, 22 August 2022

411nm Silica particles inside living cells. (Image by F. Skärberg.)
Holographic characterisation of biological nanoparticles using deep learning
Fredrik Skärberg, Erik Olsén, Benjamin Midtvedt, Emelie V. Wesén, Elin K. Esbjörner, Giovanni Volpe, Fredrik Höök, Daniel Midtvedt
Submitted to SPIE-ETAI
Date: 22 August 2022
Time: 17:30 (PDT)

Optical characterization of nanoparticles in/outside cells is a challenging task, as the scattering from the nanoparticles is distorted by the scattering from the cells. In this work, we demonstrate a framework for optical mass quantification of intra- and extracellular nanoparticles by leveraging a novel deep learning method, LodeSTAR, in combination with off-axis twilight holography. The result provides new means for the exploration of nanoparticle/cell interactions.

Soft Matter Lab members present at SPIE Optics+Photonics conference in San Diego, 21-25 August 2022

The Soft Matter Lab participates to the SPIE Optics+Photonics conference in San Diego, CA, USA, 21-25 August 2022, with the presentations listed below.

Giovanni Volpe is also co-author of the presentations: