Talk by A. Callegari at LAOP, Lima, 14 Nov 18

Active Matter Alters the Growth Dynamics of Coffee Rings
Agnese Callegari, Tugba Andaç, Pascal Weigmann, Sabareesh K. Velu, Erçag Pince, Giorgio Volpe & Giovanni Volpe
LAOP – Latin America Optics & Photonics Congress, Lima, Peru
12-15 November 2018

Abstract: We show that bacterial mobility starts playing a major role in determining the growth dynamics of the edge of drying droplets, as the droplet evaporation rate slows down.

Talk by G. Volpe at LAOP, Lima, 13 Nov 18

Microscopic Engine Powered by Critical Demixing
Falko Schmidt, Alessandro Magazzù, Agnese Callegari, Luca Biancofiore, Frank Cichos & Giovanni Volpe
LAOP – Latin America Optics & Photonics Congress, Lima, Peru
12-15 November 2018

Abstract: An optically trapped absorbing microsphere in a sub-critical mixture rotates around the optical trap thanks to diffusiophoretic propulsion, which can be controlled by adjusting the optical power, the temperature, and the criticality of the mixture.

Tutorial by G. Volpe and A. Callegari on Optical Tweezers at LAOP, Lima, 12 Nov 18

Optical Trapping and Optical Manipulation
Giovanni Volpe & Agnese Callegari
Tutorial at LAOP – Latin America Optics & Photonics Congress, Lima, Peru
12-15 November 2018

Description: This course will review the theoretical underpinnings of optical trapping and optical manipulation; a review of recent applications; and provide a hands-on tutorial on the use of computational methods to simulate optical trapping and the motion of optically trapped particles.

Time: 09:00 – 13:00
Location: INICTEL-UNI, Lima, Peru

Linkhttps://www.osa.org/en-us/meetings/topical_meetings/osa_latin_america_optics_photonics_conference/program/short_courses_and_tutorials_on_monday_12_november/

Talk on optical tweezers by Aykut Argun at Gothenburg PhD Pub. 17 Oct 18

Aykut Argun will present a popular science talk on the principles and applications of optical tweezers at a PhD-student event called Gothenburg Ph.D. Pub.

Title: Optical tweezers and applications

Abstract: Can objects be moved contact-free only by the power of light?
The answer which deserved a Nobel Prize in Physics last week is yes.
Aykut Argun from GU Physics will present how in the next Ph.D. Pub.

Place: Haket – Bar å sånt, Första långgatan 32, 413 27 Gothenburg
Time: Wednesday, October 17, 2018 at 7 PM – 10 PM

Talk by G. Volpe at SPIE OTOM XV, San Diego, 23 Aug 18

Microscopic Engine Powered by Critical Demixing
Falko Schmidt, Alessandro Magazzù, Agnese Callegari, Luca Biancofiore, Frank Cichos & Giovanni Volpe
SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering, Optical trapping and Optical Manipulation XV, San Diego (CA), USA
19-23 August 2018

During the last few decades much effort has gone into the miniaturization of machines down to the microscopic scale with robotic solutions indispensable in modern industrial processes and play a central role in many biological systems. There has been a quest in understanding the mechanism behind molecular motors and several approaches have been proposed to realize artificial engines capable of converting energy into mechanical work. These current micronsized engines depend on the transfer of angular momentum of light, are driven by external magnetic fields, due to chemical reactions or by the energy flow between two thermal reservoirs. Here we propose a new type of engine that is powered by the local, reversible demixing of a critical binary liquid. In particular, we show that an absorbing, optically trapped particle performs revolutions around the optical beam because of the emergence of diffusiophoresis and thereby produces work. This engines is adjustable by the optical power supplied, the temperature of the environment and the criticality of the system.

Reference: Schmidt et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(6), 068004 (2018) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.068004

Talk by A. Magazzù at Italian Soft Days 2018, Padua, 13-14 Sept 18

Microscopic engine powered by critical demixing
Alessandro Magazzù, Falko Schmidt, Agnese Callegari, Luca Biancofiore, Frank Cichos & Giovanni Volpe
Italian Soft Days 2018, Padua, Italy
13-14 September 2018

We propose a new type of engine powered by the local, reversible demixing of a critical binary liquid. In particular, we show that a light absorbing, optically trapped particle, performs revolutions around the trapping beam producing work.
This behavior results from an equilibrium between optical forces and diffusiophoresis induced by a local demixing of the critical mixture. This new kind of engine can be controlled by the optical power supplied, the temperature of the environment and the criticality of the system.

Reference: Schmidt et al. Microscopic Engine Powered by Critical Demixing,  Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 068004 (2018)

Talk by F. Schmidt at IONS Scandinavia 2018, Copenhagen, 5-9 Jun 18

Light-controlled Assembly of Active Colloidal Molecules
Falko Schmidt, Benno Liebchen, Hartmut Löwen & Giovanni Volpe
IONS Scandinavia 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark
5-9 June 2018

We experimentally demonstrate the light-controlled assembly of active colloidal molecules from a suspension of two species of passive microspheres. When light is shone on the sample, the ac- tive molecules form and acquire motility through non-reciprocal interactions between their passive components. As their size grows, they feature a complex array of behaviors, becoming propellers, spinners and rotators. Their shape and functionality can be tuned by applying periodic illumination. We also provide a theoretical model allowing to predict the complete table of emerging active molecules and their properties in quantitative agreement with the experiments.

Reference: Schmidt et al. Light-controlled Assembly of Active Colloidal Molecules arXiv:1801.06868 (2018)

Seminar by G. Volpe at TU Dresden, 3 May 18

Emergent Complex Behaviors in Active Matter
Giovanni Volpe
TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany
3 May 2018

After a brief introduction of active particles, I’ll present some recent advances on the study of active particles in complex and crowded environments.
First, I’ll show that active particles can work as microswimmers and microengines powered by critical fluctuations and controlled by light.
Then, I’ll discuss some examples of behavior of active particles in crowded environments: a few active particles alter the overall dynamics of a system; active particles create metastable clusters and channels; active matter leads to non-Boltzmann distributions and alternative non-equilibrium relations; and active colloidal molecules can be created and controlled by light.
Finally, I’ll present some examples of the behavior of active particles in complex environments: active particles often perform 2D active Brownian motion; active particles at liquid-liquid interfaces behave as active interstitials or as active atoms; and the environment alters the optimal search strategy for active particles in complex topologies.

Talk by A. Argun at IONS Scandinavia 2018, Copenhagen, 5-9 Jun 18

Experimental realization of a minimal microscopic heat engine
Aykut Argun, Jalpa Soni, Lennart Dabelow, Stefano Bo, Giuseppe Pesce,
Ralf Eichborn & Giovanni Volpe
IONS Scandinavia 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark
5-9 June 2018

Abstract:  Microscopic heat engines are microscale systems that convert energy flows between heat reservoirs into work or systematic motion. We have experimentally realized a minimal microscopic heat engine. It consists of a colloidal Brownian particle optically trapped in an elliptical potential well and simultaneously coupled to two heat baths at different temperatures acting along perpendicular directions. For a generic arrangement of the principal directions of the baths and the potential, the symmetry of the system is broken, such that the heat flow drives a systematic gyrating motion of the particle around the potential minimum. Using the experimentally measured trajectories, we quantify the gyrating motion of the particle, the resulting torque that it exerts on the potential, and the associated heat flow between the heat baths. We find excellent agreement between the experimental results and the theoretical predictions. 

Reference: Argun et al. Experimental realization of a minimal microscopic heat engine. Physical Review E 96(5), 052106 (2017)

Invited talk by G. Volpe at the 9th Nordic Workshop on Statistical Physics, Stockholm, 21-23 Mar 18

Recent Progress on the Experimental Study of Active Matter
Giovanni Volpe
The 9th Nordic Workshop on Statistical Physics: Biological, Complex and Non-equilibrium Systems, NORDITA, Stockholm, Sweden
21-23 March 2018

After a brief introduction of active particles, I’ll present some recent advances on the study of active particles in complex and crowded environments.
First, I’ll show that active particles can work as microswimmers and microengines powered by critical fluctuations and controlled by light.
Then, I’ll discuss some examples of behavior of active particles in crowded environments: a few active particles alter the overall dynamics of a system; active particles create metastable clusters and channels; active matter leads to non-Boltzmann distributions and alternative non-equilibrium relations; and active colloidal molecules can be created and controlled by light.
Finally, I’ll present some examples of the behavior of active particles in complex environments: active particles often perform 2D active Brownian motion; active particles at liquid-liquid interfaces behave as active interstitials or as active atoms; and the environment alters the optimal search strategy for active particles in complex topologies.