Machine learning as a tool for the natural sciences: Opportunities and challenges
Invited Talk at BRC Day “Biomaterials meets AI”, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, 12 November 2019
Abstract: Data-driven machine-learning methods are more and more widely used in the natural sciences. Machine learning offers unprecedented opportunities, but it also poses unexpected practical and fundamental challenges. Most importantly, machine-learning methods often work as black boxes, and therefore it can be difficult to understand and interpret their results. Here, we present an overview of the current state of the art of the adoption of machine learning in active-matter research. Finally, we discuss the opportunities and challenges that are emerging, highlighting how active matter and machine learning can work together for mutual benefit.
Bio: Giovanni Volpe is Associate Professor at the University of Gothenburg, where he leads the Soft Matter Lab (http://www.softmatterlab.org/).
He has published more than 80 articles on diverse topics including optical trapping, active matter, neurosciences, and machine learning.
He has co-authored the book “Optical Tweezers: Principles and Applications” (Cambridge University Press, 2015).
He is the recipient the ERC Starting Grant ComplexSwimmers, coordinator of the MSCA Innovative Training Networks ActiveMatter, and the KAW research grant “Active Matter Goes Smart”.
He is one of the chairs of the Conference Emerging Topics in Artificial Intelligence at the SPIE Optics & Photonics Meeting held annually in San Diego (CA).